Longevity 50 to 150 years. Spiny hackberry is a evergreen shrub (or small tree) with whitish gray zigzag shape branches that produces shiny orange pea sized fruit throughout the year, regardless of the season. Desert hackberry is an extremely drought tolerant, spiny, sprawling shrub native to South Texas and the Chihuahuan desert. Types of Spiny Trees. DESERT HACKBERRY FLOWERING The Desert Hackberry, sometimes called Spiny Hackberry, CELTIS PALLIDA, is common in the scrubby forest around Uvalde. The most widespread of these three species is the small desert hackberry (Celtis pallida Torr. A very common pest of the Hackberry is the Hackberry Leaf Gall Psyllid. Desert Hackberry Spiny Hackberry. Has Evergreen to Partly Deciduous foliage. Some common varieties of Hackberry are: Green Cascade, Prairie Sentinel, Prairie Pride and Magnifica. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. Spiny hackberry grows in thickets in parks, alleys and brushy edges, providing nesting opportunities for birds and forage for wildlife; it’s also the host for American Snout butterflies in late summer. Created 2015. Look for these thickets in arid, hot areas of south and west Texas, though in these environments they will likely cluster near water sources including dry gullies. Each leaf has three prominent veins and is toothed or sparsely toothed along the margins. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. Stem Texture: Prickly, Spiny, or Thorny, Leaf Shape It is native to Arizona, Florida, New Mexico and Texas, and to Latin America as far south as central Argentina.It grows in dry locations such as deserts, brushlands, canyons, mesas and grasslands. Height from soil: 15 inches. You can also view a clickable map. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. Extremely rare bonsai species. Foliage: Almost evergreen. Notes: The berries are actually good and slightly sweet; locally it is referred to as "Granjeno." Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported: Native ... Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm. Also known as … Growing along its stems are characteristic thorns that are sharp, heavy, unequal and paired. Hackberry is the common name used for trees in the Celtis genus. Hackberries provide a food source for a wide variety of birds and wildlife, including game birds and opossum. Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. Leaves are small for the genus, less than 3 cm (1.2 inches) long and 2 cm (0.8 inches) wide. Its stout thorns, dense branches, and sweet, edible, small orange berries in the fall make it extremely valuable for wildlife food and cover. In the US, it is a shrub or small tree up to 3 m (10 feet) tall, with thorns on the branches, although it can grow taller in the tropics. Celtis occidentalis grows as a tree from 40-80 feet tall and may live for up to 150-200 years. Ulmaceae. Spiny Hackberry - Celtis pallida or Celtis ehrenbergiana. En: Stevens, W.D., C. Ulloa, A. Spiny hackberry flowers are greenish white. This pest is normally considered just a nuisance rather than destructive to the tree. The Snout Butterfly is at upper right. Tree Characteristics. I have never seen exhibited anywhere in California, in the past 20 years. How do you spell the variety of tree known as hackberry? Spiny hackberry, or granjeno, is a native, cool-season perennial shrub reaching 4 to 15 feet tall. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen (may lose leaves after hard frosts) Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert Flower Color: Inconspicuous (whitish) Flowering Season: Summer Park Activities Calendar of Events Volunteer Programs Park Regulations [3] It is native to Arizona, Florida, New Mexico and Texas, and to Latin America as far south as central Argentina. Spiny Hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana, formerly Celtis pallida) is a native, desert shrub common here in Tucson. Diameter at trunk base: 2.25 inches. A typically zigzagging branch of one about shoulder high, bearing new leaves and flowers, is shown above. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution Celtis ehrenbergiana. 2001. The best way to identify a hackberry tree is by its warty, gray to brown bark. ), also known as granjeño or spiny hackberry . They grow throughout the warmer areas of the Northern Hemisphere—including throughout the United States, southern Europe, and Mexico, and in parts of Canada and Asia. Pool & O.M. Popular Name: Spiny Hackberry. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Celtis ehrenbergiana - Spiny Hackberry -- Discover Life Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85(3): 2472–2478. Interesting Facts About the Hackberry Tree. Again, the damage to the tree in insignificant other than appearance of the tree. Flowers are born in cymes of 3-5 flowers. hackberry is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. spiny hackberry dykuminis celtis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Celtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, medingas augalas (Celtis ehrenbergiana), paplitęs Šiaurės ir Pietų Amerikoje.atitikmenys: lot. But to ask most to consider another hackberry takes a bit of convincing to overcome that old prejudice. Width: 8 - 10 feet. Growing along its stems are characteristic thorns that are sharp, heavy, unequal and paired. Flowers: White, small and inconspicuous. Tree: Native Status: L48 N: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Botany 2(1): 203. Three species of hackberry grow in the South Texas Plains. Very tough and durable as shrub or small tree. Each produces an edible fruit and strong, flexible wood utilized by the native populations. Its smooth, gray branches zigzag between the thorns. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Spiny hackberry, or granjeno, is a native, cool-season perennial shrub reaching 4 to 15 feet tall. If you’ve ever been surprised by the sting of a tree's spine, you may have wondered exactly why some species are covered with prickly spikes. The leaf blades are hairy and somewhat rough. People often confuse hackberry with elm due to similarities in the shape and size of these two species. [4], Celtis ehrenbergiana is the only US species of the genus with thorns. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. GRANJENO Spiny Hackberry Celtis llida - Ulmaceae, Elm Family DESCRIPTION: Small tree to large shrub with zigzag branches and paired spines on trunk and twigs. Hackberry tree, also known as sugarberry, is deciduous tree that belongs to the hemp family. Other common names for this plant include Desert Hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny Hackberry. There are 60 to 70 species of hackberry that can be found in temperate climate around the world. Native from southern United States, to Argentina. Spiny hackberry is found on a variety of soils in brush thickets and other brushlands, mainly in South Texas and the Edwards Plateau. 1859. Hackberry is deciduous and perennial tree comprising the flowering plant genus Celtis in the plant family Ulmaceae. They can also be found in northern and central South America and in southern to central Africa. The phone number of the Hackberry Branch is: 337-762-3978. This shrub provides excellent food and cover for wildlife. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. Spiny hackberry is a evergreen shrub (or small tree) with whitish gray zigzag shape branches that produces shiny orange pea sized fruit throughout the year, regardless of the season. Plant Name. Home Page. A large variety of hackberry trees grow throughout the United States, South America, Africa, Asia and … Drupes are orange, yellow or red, juicy, egg-shaped, about 7 mm in diameter, and edible by humans and wildlife.[5]. The fruit is eaten by a number of birds and mammals, and the leaves provide browse for white-tailed deer. DESERT HACKBERRY, SPINY HACKBERRY, GRANJENO. The spiny thickets that these small tree form are are a safe, food-filled haven for all manner of small birds. The old prejudice was that a hackberry was trash tree. Ripe Spiny Hackberry berries contrast nicely with the shrub's green leaves and look quite enticing to eat. The leaf blades are hairy and somewhat rough. Fruit: Edible orange berries. Montiel (eds.). This plant has no children Legal Status. Its smooth, gray branches zigzag between the thorns. The fruit is a yellow or orange - occasionally red - drupe, which is a fleshy fruit such as a peach or plum that usually contains a hard stone enclosing a seed. Hackberry nipple gall, which are nipple-shaped outgrowths caused by a small insect are often unsightly but cause no damage to the tree. I grew it from a seedling originated from a botanical garden in Los Angeles. Tweet; Description: This perennial, evergreen, grows edible orange-colored berries which are sweet to the taste. Height: 10-20 feet. – spiny hackberry Subordinate Taxa. Todzia, C. A. : 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau. It grows in dry locations such as deserts, brushlands, canyons, mesas and grasslands. When the eggs hatch, the insects feed by sucking on the sap of the leaves, which is why the leaves are yellow. The second NICE plant, Spiny hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana), is the recommended Plant of the Month for February. 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